Thoroughly Implement the "Opinions" of the Two Offices and Innovate to Promote the Intelligent Development of Ancient Books in the New Era

Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Work of Ancient Books in the New Era" (referred to as the "Opinions"), emphasizing the need to "play the supporting role of scientific and technological protection, promote breakthroughs in key technologies for the protection of ancient books and the research and development of restoration equipment." Carry out research and practice of ancient book text structure, knowledge systemization ", higher requirements are put forward for various ancient book storage institutions to actively apply modern technology and comprehensively improve the quality of ancient book protection.


In recent years, the role of modern science and technology in empowering the protection and utilization of ancient books has become increasingly prominent. Some libraries, museums, related scientific research institutions, and technology companies have taken the lead in exploring the application of modern intelligent technology to promote the intelligent construction, management and service of ancient books resources, and have achieved many innovative results. For example, Tianyi Pavilion Museum, Shanghai History Museum, etc. use intelligent sensing and other technologies to realize real-time collection, dynamic monitoring and intelligent analysis of environmental data such as ancient book warehouses, exhibition halls, and exhibition cabinets; the National Library produces "Yongle Dadian" VR resources, Integrate 5G, panoramic video shooting, three-dimensional animation production and other technical means to reproduce the completion process and historical changes of "Yongle Dadian" in a panoramic manner; CCTV recorded a special program of "China in Classics", combined with ring screen, AR, real-time tracking and other technologies, and vividly interpreted the connotations of ancient books such as "Shangshu", "The Analects", and "Tiangong Kaiwu" with story-based scenes; Shanghai The library builds a "genealogy knowledge service platform", applying related data, geographic information systems, visualization and other technologies to integrate the collection of genealogy documents and related, support users to trace the source flow and migration distribution of family development through space-time coordinates; The Digital Humanities Research Center of Peking University has developed an automatic sorting system for ancient books of "I and Point", which can complete automatic sentence reading and punctuation of about 50,000 words of ancient books in 10 seconds. Alibaba has developed the "Handian Chongguang" ancient book platform, which uses machine learning methods to automatically scan and OCR recognition 200,000 pages of rare Chinese ancient books, with.


General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during an investigation and investigation at Renmin University of China: "It is necessary to use modern scientific and technological means to strengthen the protection, restoration and comprehensive utilization of ancient books, and to dig deeper into the philosophical thoughts, humanistic spirit, values, and ethics contained in ancient books, and promote Chinese excellence The creative transformation and innovative development of traditional culture." It provides direction guidance for us to do a good job in ancient books in the new era. The accelerated iteration of intelligent technology has created better conditions for us to do a good job in ancient books in the new era. Supported and guided by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the "National Smart Library System" construction project led by the National Library, as well as the smart library and smart museum construction projects organized and implemented by various regions, will also apply modern intelligent technology. The transformation and improvement of the work level of ancient books has been coordinated and deployed as an important content. Combining the current foundation of my country's ancient books work and drawing on the existing intelligent technology application practices in various fields, we believe that the next step should focus on promoting related work from the following aspects.


is to build an intelligent storage space for ancient books. The ancient book warehouse, reading room, exhibition hall, display cabinet, etc. are transformed, equipped with intelligent protection equipment and system equipment, and the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, fifth-generation mobile communication technology, radio frequency identification and other technologies are used to control temperature and humidity, Air quality, light intensity, ultraviolet intensity and other environmental data, furniture equipment and related facilities and equipment status data, fire protection system and other business system operation and maintenance data, etc. are collected and dynamically, realize the interconnection of equipment and equipment, data and data, and provide intelligent and efficient support and guarantee for the fine management, dynamic control, risk early warning and emergency response of the ancient book storage environment. This work can be given priority to the trial construction of national key protection units with strong technical capabilities and good business foundations. It will be gradually promoted after the technical plan is more mature and the practical application effect is good. Finally, it can be considered to form a national ancient book at the national level. Real-time monitoring and data sharing of storage status.


is to develop intelligent protection and repair technology and special equipment for ancient books. Carry out in-depth application research of modern intelligent technology in the prevention, analysis, diagnosis and auxiliary repair of ancient book damage diseases, accelerate the development, promotion and application of related technical equipment, and carry out non-destructive research on the pH, chroma, and fiber strength of ancient book paper., Automatic monitoring, accurately capture its small changes, timely discover the deterioration of ancient books such as acidification, aging, mildew erosion, etc., and realize the "cure for disease" "; actively develop an intelligent identification system for ancient book diseases, explore the application of computer vision and modern detection methods to quantify ancient book damage disease data, and conduct intelligent analysis of ancient book disease mechanisms through machine deep learning to provide support and assistance for targeted ancient book protection and restoration work. The state may consider giving special support to technical research in this field.


is to build a national big data platform for ancient books. On the basis of continuing to accelerate the construction of the Chinese ancient book resource database, accelerate the construction of a national ancient book resource unified retrieval and discovery system, gather and integrate the storage and circulation of various ancient books, version evolution, publishing reengineering, digital sorting and processing and other information, and support The one-stop related retrieval and precise positioning of ancient book resources across the country realizes one-click direct access to ancient book digital resources. Strengthen the research and development and application of key technologies, tools and equipment such as text recognition, automatic punctuation, and intelligent translation of ancient books, and support and promote the batch structured processing of digital texts of ancient books. Promote the practical application of semantic web, machine learning, natural language processing and other technologies in the intelligent indexing of ancient literature, in-depth knowledge mining and thematic knowledge map construction. Use machine learning, image recognition and other technologies to develop artificial intelligence-assisted identification, version recognition, textual analysis and other functions. Based on big data technology, it creates accurate portraits of users and provides support for ancient book knowledge services for users' diverse individual needs. The platform and its data should support opening to the society, which can not only realize seamless connection and data sharing with various data platforms such as national cultural big data, but also support the public to develop and utilize the platform data according to application scenarios. So as to fully explore the value of data.


is to create a museum of wisdom classics that interacts with reality and reality. Make full use of modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, virtual reality, augmented reality, holographic images, etc., to intelligently transform offline classics museums or exhibition halls, and create digital exhibition walls, virtual exhibition cabinets, AR interaction, etc. Intelligent display scenes meet the needs of segmentation and differentiation, and enhance the interaction and experience of classics exhibitions. We will promote the construction of an integrated service platform for the museum of virtual classics, integrate the online virtual exhibition services of the national ancient book storage institutions, and create a panoramic immersive exhibition experience. On this basis, other cultural resources can be further connected with the exhibition resources of classics, so that readers can not only feel the cultural charm hidden in the classics from the multi-dimensional display of the classics, but also enter the virtual world. Enter the ancient production and living space, directly communicate with the characters in the book, and gain a fresh historical and cultural experience through ancient and modern times.


is to build a support and guarantee system for the application of intelligent technology for ancient books. Through technical exchanges, training seminars, continuing education, etc., comprehensively improve the modern technical literacy of ancient book staff, further optimize the knowledge structure of ancient book professionals, and promote the establishment of an ancient book intelligent work pioneer team that is proficient in ancient books and digital technology knowledge and skills The team supports the high-quality and sustainable development of ancient book work in the modern technological environment. Strengthen the contact and cooperation between ancient book storage units and institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutes and advantageous enterprises in the field of intelligent technology research and development, and jointly promote the construction of ancient book storage environment, digital collation of ancient book documents, processing and integration of ancient book knowledge content, popularization and dissemination of ancient books, etc. Research and development of key technologies. Extensively absorb and utilize the existing intelligent technology research and development results and application experience, timely summarize and refine the innovative results of the application of modern intelligent technology in the work of ancient books, promote the development of relevant special standards and specifications, and promote the application and promotion of mature technologies in the work of ancient books across the country. (National Library Research Institute)